A national symbol is a symbol that is important to a country. It may represent the country itself or things that are of importance to the country. The national symbols of Ghana define the nation as a whole. The Ghanaian national symbols convey the country’s history besides its rich tradition and culture. These Ghanaian symbols may be in the form of the countries national flag, the coat of arms, the national anthem and some patriotic symbols if it has any.

The following are the national symbols of Ghana



The National Flag of Ghana: The national flag of Ghana was adopted in the year 1957 and officially hoisted on 6th March, 1957. Designed by Mrs. Theodosia Okoh, this patriotic symbol of Ghana consists of the Pan-African colors of Ethiopia, viz the red, golden yellow, and green in horizontal stripes with a black five-pointed star in the centre of the golden yellow stripe. The red stripe represents the blood of those who died in the country’s struggle for independence, the golden yellow stripe represents the country’s mineral wealth, the green stripe represents the country’s rich forest and the black star stands for African unity and emacipation. This current flag was replaced with the flag of the United Kingdom upon attainment of independence in 1957.

The Coat of Arms of Ghana: This Ghanaian national symbol was introduced on 4th March, 1957 by Elizabeth II and was designed by Ghanaian Artist Amon kotei. The symbol shows a blue shield divided into four parts by a St George’s Cross with a golden edge. The golden lion of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is present in the middle of the cross, symbolizing the close relationship of Ghana to the Commonwealth and the Kingdom. One of the important national symbols of Ghana, the coat of arms consists of a sword, known as the ‘okyeame’, which symbolizes the traditional authority of Ghana, a castle on the sea, i.e. the presidential palace in Accra on the Gulf of Guinea, which symbolizes the seat of government a cacao tree, which embodies the agricultural wealth of Ghana and a gold mine which stands for the richness of industrial minerals and natural resources in Ghana. The national colors, the red, golden yellow, and green are also present in this Ghanaian national symbol, which the flag of Ghana also bears. The symbol for the freedom of Africa, the black five-pointed star with a golden border is also present at the top of the shield. The coat of arms is held by two golden eagles and they are sitting on top of the motto ribbon, which carries the national motto of Ghana, “Freedom and Justice”.

The National Anthem of Ghana: “God Bless Our Homeland Ghana” is the national anthem of Ghana and also an important national symbol of Ghana. The music of this Ghanaian symbol was first adopted on 1957 and the lyrics were adopted on 1966. It was originally written and composed by Philip Gbeho and the words were modified after a coup in 1966. The national anthem was first sung in 1966

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