As part of efforts towards sensitizing Ghanaians to engender patriotism and nationalism, the National Commission for Civic Education (NCCE) has embarked on public education on the duties of a citizen. The program was from Monday 13th March, 2017 -Friday 17th March, 2017 and it was on Ghana Television (GTV) Adult Education edition titled “Be citizens not spectators” at 5:00pm each day in five (5) local dialects (Akan, Ewe, Ga, Hausa, Nzema). This was to enable our messages to reach all Ghanaians irrespective of the languages they speak.
The main issues discussed during the programme include:
- Who is a Ghanaian citizen?
- How does he/ she promote the good name of Ghana and respect national symbols and uphold the constitution?
- Does good governance necessarily produce good citizens?
- How do we foster national unity and live in harmony with others?
- As a citizen is it my duty to report crime and co-operate with law enforcement agencies?
- How do we protect and safeguard the environment?
- How do we foster national cohesion?
The NCCE civic educators stated that, a citizen of Ghana according to chapter 3(1-4) of the 1992 constitution of Ghana, is:
- Every person who, on the coming into force of this constitution, is a citizen of Ghana by law shall continue to be a citizen of Ghana
- A person born in or outside the country after the coming into force of the constitution , shall be a citizen of Ghana at the date of his birth if either of his parents are known shall be citizen of Ghana by birth
- A child of not more than seven years of age found in Ghana whose parents are not known shall be presumed to be a citizen of Ghana
- A child of not more than sixteen years of age neither of the parents is a citizens adopted by a citizen of Ghana shall, by virtue of the adaptation , be a citizen of Ghana
They also discussed that ,citizens should promote the good name of Ghana by the way they relate to others, attend to national issues, show respect whenever the national anthem is being sung, respect the national symbols ,uphold the constitution and be law abiding citizens.
The civic educators explained that, as our leaders manage the affairs of the country, they are to implement the best possible decisions by being accountable and transparent in all their dealings. The citizens on their part should also contribute to society by participating in public affairs and performing their responsibilities with regard to their country.
The Civic educators elaborated that, in order for the law enforcement agencies to perform their duties well citizens should report crime and co-operate with law enforcement agencies.
They also stressed that, to foster national unity and harmony, citizens need to be tolerant with one other, to be loyal, to live in peace with others, respect the view of others and not to infringe on the rights of others.
They highlighted that, a dirty environment was detrimental to the health of human beings so it was important to safeguard the environment. However, citizens have the moral obligation to care for the country and protecting its environs by keeping it clean and safe.
The NCCE, therefore urges Ghanaian citizens to work towards performing their duties and obligations in order to contribute in enhancing Ghana’s democracy.